What is a Personal Injury Law?
While understandings of the definition of a personal injury lawyer vary somewhat from state to state, there are certain universal commonalities. A personal injury lawyer, in short, is an attorney who offers legal representation to individuals who claim to have suffered injuries of a physical or psychological nature as a consequence of the actions of another party. The other party cited for fault could be anyone from a private individual to an organization, business or even a branch of government. Consequently, personal injury lawyers are expected to be more than usually knowledgeable concerning tort law, which is the area of law specifically concerned with civil wrongs, including damages which may or may not be economical rendered to a person, their rights or their reputation.
While personal injury lawyers have generally undergone legal training which allows them to practice most common fields of law, most will limit themselves exclusively to tort law. The vast majority will focus even more specifically on the area of tort law concerned with injuries sustained at work, medical malpractice, the classic “slip and fall” accidents and damage caused by shoddy work or faulty products.
A personal injury lawyer may also be known as a trial lawyer, although this term may be misleading in that most cases handled by such lawyers are settled out of court rather than going to trial. The fees rendered to a personal injury lawyer for their services vary largely depending upon a range of factors, chief among which is the sheer amount of time spent on the case. Their payment may also be dependent on the outcome of the case, often advertised as a “No Win, no Fee” service. Other personal injury lawyers may charge a flat fee for each case, with some preferring to charge by the hour as a standard.
A personal injury lawyer may operate professionally either as an individual lawyer or as a member of a small, mid-sized or large practice. Many clients opt to hire solo practitioners for smaller cases as the larger firms are often unwilling to take on cases that are unlikely to ultimately prove particularly lucrative.